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Growing pains

The city’s population reached 650,900 as of August this year, posting an increase of 17.8 per cent compared to the number recorded in 2011, according to the latest preliminary results of the by-Census, released by the Statistics and Census Bureau (DSEC).
According to the results, the average annual growth rate of the population was 3.3 per cent over the past five years, higher than the average growth rate of 1.9 per cent seen during the 2006 to 2011 period.
The DSEC data reveals that the local population, excluding non-resident workers and foreign students, similarly saw an increase of 10.5 per cent to 536,400 during the 2011-2016 period.
Households in the territory have posted an increase of 10.4 per cent since 2011, reaching 188,600 in August, with the average household size decreasing slightly from 3.08 persons in 2011 to 3.06 persons this year.
The youth population, comprising those younger than 14 years of age, amounted to 77,900, comprising 12 per cent of the total population.
The adult population, with residents aged 15 to 64, totalled 513,600, while its proportion of the total population decreased by 1.9 percentage points five years ago to 78.9 per cent.
Residents aged 65 or above increase by 1.9 percentage points to 9.1 per cent, amounting to 59,400.
Meanwhile, the city supported 314,000 males and 336,800 females, accounting for 48.2 per cent and 51.8 per cent of the population, respectively.

Mainland-born outnumber Macau-born
Of the total population, 265,100 were born in the city, while 284,100 were born in Mainland China, constituting 40.7 per cent and 43.6 per cent of the total population, respectively.
DSEC data also shows that the number of non-resident workers living in the city had soared 68.8 per cent compared to five years ago, at 105,200.
The substantial growth in the number of non-resident workers has led to an increase of 2.9 percentage points in the proportion of the population born in other countries or regions vis-a-vis the 12.3 per cent registered in 2011.
Meanwhile, in terms of the local population, residents born in Macau accounted for 49.4 per cent, up 2.8 percentage points compared to five years earlier.

Coloane blooms
With the completion of public housing units in Taipa and Coloane, the number of people living in the Coloane Island area and in the Pac On and Taipa Grande area has rocketed 531 per cent and 127 per cent, respectively, compared to the data of 2011.
Meanwhile, Areia Preta and Iao Hon region remained the most populated district in the city, accounting for 11.8 per cent of the total population. This was followed by Baixa da Taipa (10.4 per cent) and NATAP – near Areia Preta (9.9 per cent).
Regarding population density, the city has reached 21,400 persons per square kilometre, indicating an increase of 15.9 per cent vis-à-vis the 18,478 persons per square kilometre of 2011.